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Annex 56


Methanol as Motor Fuel

Purpose, Objectives and Key Questions

The purpose of this review is to explore potential of methanol to act as motor fuel and to meet global challenges on economy, energy security and climate change. Possibilities to produce methanol economically today creates markets for tomorrow’s renewable methanol produced using using renewable sources (electro-fuel). Different transport sectors will be covered including light-duty and heavy-duty road vehicles, as well as ships. In transport, also in the marine sector, there are ambitious current and anticipated regulations on greenhouse gases and other emissions. Review will identify barriers for commercialization of methanol with suggestions to overcome these barriers.


Activities / Work Packages

Activities in this Annex are divided in seven Work Packages. In addition, reporting is handled as a separate task by three organisations.  The following work packages are foreseen:

WP0 Annex management (Operating Agent), Technion, Israel

  • Preparation of annex documentation
  • Facilitation of information exchange between annex participants
  • Progress reports at ExCo meetings
  • Contributions to the AMF Annual Report
  • Preparation of final report (ev. from individual contributions of the participants)
  • Preparation of key messages

WP1 General issues on methanol as motor fuel, FNR Germany

  • The review on the general aspects will include
  • Needs for methanol use in participating countries
  • Production of methanol from fossil and renewable sources
  • General aspects of methanol/biomethanol as motor fuel , including fuel properties
  • Synthesis of the sector-dependent reports
  • Analysis on what stopped methanol from entering the fuel market earlier
  • GHG aspects of methanol/biomethanol
  • Cost evaluations

Participants of this Annex will send to WP leader reports and information of the methanol views and activities in their countries.         

WP2 Light-duty sector, Technion, Israel

  • Emissions (regulated and unregulated) of various methanol gasoline mixtures and various vehicles.
  • General aspects of material compatibility.

WP3 Heavy-duty sector, FNR, Germany              

  • Emissions (regulated and unregulated) of various methanol gasoline mixtures and various vehicles.
  • General aspects of material compatibility.

WP4 Ships, VTT, Finland             

WP2, WP3 and WP4 will handle sector-dependent issues on methanol. Participants of the Annex will provide each WP leader reports and information in their possession on these fuels.  Amongst others, the following methanol fuels will be discussed:

  • WP2: for example M15, M56, M85, M100, MTBE, GEM fuels
  • WP3: for example MD95, MED95 and M100 (and DME).
  • WP4: diesel/methanol dual fuel and other ship engine developments

The technical issues considered will include

  • Infrastructure
  • Material compatibility
  • Exhaust emission  
  • Methanol use and research in the participating countries incl. ongoing demonstrations.
  • Potential for future development
  • Costs of operation
  • Comparisons with selected fuels as appropriate

WP6 Future high-efficiency engine for methanol, Lund University, Sweden

  • Fundamental combustion research to achieve high efficiency methanol engines. Next generation engines for alcohols.

WP7 Barriers to commercialization, DTU, Denmark

  • Special contributions in the planning of this work is expected from Nordic Green, Denmark.


Reporting group from Israel, Finland and Finland will propose a general content of reporting of WP1-WP6. Work package leaders will submit their contributions following the recommended content and using AMF reporting template.

Reporting group will combine the technical WP reports and will compile an Executive Summary of the technical reports. The outcome is the technical report of this Annex.


Project Duration

November 2018 - March 2020


   Task Sharing

   Cost Sharing


Denmark, Finland, Germany, Israel, Sweden

Israel, Sweden

Total Budget

~€ 101,000 ($ 114,500 US)

Operating Agent

Gideon Goldwine

Technion, Israel