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Annex 42: Toxicity of Exhaust Gases and Particles from IC-Engines - International Activities Survey

Report

Toxicity of Exhaust Gases and Particles from IC-Engines – International Activities Survey (EngToxIn) - 4th information report
Annexes to the 4th report

Toxicity of Exhaust Gases and Particles from IC-Engines – International Activities Survey (EngToxIn) - 3rd information report
Annexes to the 3rd report

Toxicity of Exhaust Gases and Particles from IC-Engines – International Activities Survey (EngToxIn) - 2nd information report
Annexes to the 2nd report

Toxicity of Exhaust Gases and Particles from IC-Engines – International Activities Survey (EngToxIn) - 1st information report

Background

The toxical effects of exhaust gases as combined aerosols (i.e. all gaseous components together with particle matter and nanoparticles) can be investigated in a global way, by exposing the living cells, or cell cultures to the aerosol, which means a simultaneous superposition of all toxic effects from all active components. On several places researchers showed, that this method offers more objective results of validation of toxicity, than other methods used up to date. It also enables a relatively quick insight in the toxic effects with consideration of all superimposed influences of the aerosol.

The scientific question is to investigate the degree of correlation between the reduction of toxicity as expressed by biological parameters to the toxicity equivalence (TEQ) expressed by the chemical parameters and the reduction of particle number, surface, mass and other physical parameters as evaluated by the aerosol analytics.

Purpose and Objectives

The Annex offers information services and knowledge transfer.

Activities

International:

Several toxicologist, biologists and medical doctors are working on the problem of the toxical influences of exhaust emissions from vehicles. The NL-Ministry of Environment (VROM) charged the National Institute of Public Health and Environment (RIVM) to deliver basic propositions for new legal prescriptions. This activity of RIVM, which tries to coordinate the knowledge of toxicologists by organising and evaluating different international meetings, is called SETPOINT.

To obtain a common validated bio-toxicological testing procedure more test activities worldwide are necessary. Several European countries declared the interest to participate on common EU-project of EngToxNet (Engine Toxicity Network) to perform a round robin validation program of toxicological procedures.

Present Annex:

  • Contacts with different research groups
  • Collecting information
  • Preparing of annual information report
  • Coordination with cooperating agents

Participants

  • Austrian Agency for Alternative Propulsion Systems (A3PS) (Austria)
  • CanmetENERGY (Canada)
  • China Automotive Technology and Research Center (CATARC) (China)
  • Technical University of Denmark (DTU) (Denmark)
  • The Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT) (Finland)
  • ADEME (France)
  • Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe (FNR) (Germany)
  • ENI S.p.A. (Italy)
  • National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) (Japan)
  • Organisation for the Promotion of Low Emission Vehicles (LEVO) (Japan)
  • Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) (Republic of Korea)
  • IDAE (Spain)
  • Swedish Transport Administration (STA) (Sweden)
  • Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) (Switzerland)
  • t.b.d. (Thailand)
  • United States Department of Energy (DOE) (USA)
  • Czech Republic
  • Greece
  • Norway
  • Netherlands

Cost Sharing: Austria, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Israel, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, United States

Project Duration November 2010 – December 2014
Total Budget 48,000 € ($62,784 US) (AMF: 30,000 €; Switzerland: 18,000 €)

Operating Agent

Prof. Jan Czerwinski
University of Applied Sciences Bern (AFHB)
Lab. For Exhaust Emissions Control
Gwerdtstrasse 5
2560 Nidau
Switzerland
phone: +41 32 321 66 80
fax: +41 32 321 66 81
email: jan.czerwinski@bfh.ch
web: www.afhb.bfh.ch